An artificial organ is a man-made device that is implanted or integrated into a human to replace a natural organ, for the purpose of restoring a specific function or a group of related functions so the patient may return to as normal a life as possible. The replaced function doesn’t necessarily have to be related to life support, but often is.
In nowadays technology, there are many organs getting better and have a mature techniques to implant into patients body.
In here, I will focus on 2 artificial organs.
Nowadays: The prosthetic limb picks up electrical impulses from remaining muscle fibers on the arm, transmitting those impulses to articulating fingers and a thumb. The drawback is that the cost is very high.
Future: Researchers are working on permanently implanting an artificial hand directly to the bone in the arm, reduce the pain causes to the patient.
Nowadays: There are no eye implanting surgery for patient who get eye diseases.
Future: People work on investigating to build a mini camera into the head. Taking videos, infrared vision, panning and zooming, night vision and telescopic vision will be possible.
Here are 2 clips of video showing artificial eye and hand.
Reference : http://www.dvice.com/archives/2010/03/turn_yourself_i.php – 5 artificial organs getting better by the day
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Artificial_organ – Artificial organ